Infant psychomotor learning

From home

Although psychomotor learning is usually practised in kindergartens and schools, it is also worth practising it at home or at the playground. With fun games and crafts we can help children to understand the world around them and control their bodies and movements.

The first thing you need to do is choose somewhere where they can play at their leisure, without the risk of hurting themselves or breaking something. It is important to give them freedom and let them explore on their own, without someone continually behind them making sure they don't fall over or do something wrong. If they ask for help, don't refuse them but don't pre-empt their request either. They need to be encouraged to strive.

There are a number of things you can do from home:

  • Between the ages of 0 and 3: Spend the first few months focusing on strengthening the baby's torso and neck, stimulating the baby's senses and helping when he is learning to sit up, crawl or walk. From month one to four, focus on strengthening your child's body and stimulating him visually. Between months four and nine you can now do activities that encourage your child to pull himself around, roll or sit in the one place. From around month seven, your child will be ready to crawl. Once your child has learnt to walk, at between one year and 18 months, you can play a lot more games: make a circuit around the room for him to follow, or you can fill it will pillows and cushions so he can learn to move around objects. Family dancing is also a fantastic exercise to enjoy and practice coordination. Don't forget crafts, such as painting or making clay figurines.
  • From three to six years old: The options for aiding your child's development increase dramatically around this age. Apart from traditional games and crafts, reading stories together or dancing and singing as a family, you can start a host of new activities. These include swimming (a great all-round sport), playing in the park – your child will love this and can interact with more children of the same age – cycling and more.

It is vital that the techniques used by professionals in kindergartens and schools to provide the fullest, most satisfactory development for children be supported at home. Parents' help is very important, as it also help strengthen emotional bonds.

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